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2014同等学力申硕英语特殊句型之强调句复习

来源:在职研究生网(www.eduego.com)   中国在职研究生招生信息网   发布时间:2013-11-19

  It+be.。.that(who) 。..这一强调结构,这种强调结构用来突出强调句子的某一部分。该结构中的it (the emphatic it),无词汇意义,只用于改变句子的结构,使某一部分得以被强调。要正确使用这一结构应注意以下十个方面的问题:

  1. 这种强调结构除了不能强调动词外,其他成分如主语、宾语、宾补、状语都可以强调。

  例如: It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the Mekong River from

  where it begins to where it ends.(强调主语)

  It was in Greece that Olympic competitions firstly started.(强调状语)

  2. 被强调部分指人时用that,who均可,指事物或情况时用that(被强调的是时间或地点状语时一般不用when,where)。

  例: It was because of bad weather that the football match bad to be put off.

  It was last year at the Olympics that Liu Xiang got the medal for hurdling race.是去年在奥运会上刘翔赢得了跨栏金牌。

  2. 被强调的代词格应与原句一致;被强调的部分如果是原句的主语,who(that)后的谓语在人称和数上应与原句的主语一致。

  例: It is Zhang Ziyi that (who) stars the film Heroes. 是章子仪主演的《英雄》这部电影。

  It is him that I want to visit. 我想见的是他。

  3. 如果强调双宾语中的一个,不论是直接宾语还是间接宾语,根据动词的搭配关系,要加上一个介词to或for。

  例:Mr. Green gave Mary a birthday present.→It was Mary that Mr. Green gave a birthday present to.

  It was a birthday present that Mr. Green gave to Mary.

  4. 如果原句是一般疑问句,强调结构用“be+it.。.that (who)。..?”形式;如果原句是特殊疑问句,则用“特殊疑问词+be+it.。.that(who) 。..?”形式。

  Is it an the end of 2001 that China joined WTO?

  是2001年底中国加入了世贸组织吗?

  When was it that the tsunami struck the countries around the India Ocean? 是何时海啸袭击了印度洋沿岸各国?

  5. 如果原句中含有“not.。.until”,在强调时间状语时,将主句中的否定词not连同状语一期提前。

  例: It was not until she took off her dark glasses that I realized she

  was a famous film star.

  6. 强调结构中的谓语动词除用be外,还可以用might be 或must have been。

  例:It might be tomorrow that she will come.

  It must have been an actor that came yesterday.

  7. 强调结构不但可独立成句,也可用在从句中。

  例: Further reading made me realize that it was hard work and determination as

  well as her good nature that had got her into medical school.

  8. 被强调部分句子可能较长或有一个以上的强调成分,对此就应注意识别。

  例:It was not the fish but the vegetable, which grows only in Sichuan, that made the

  hot dish sour and aromatic.

  It was she who was lying in the corridor and the stranger who bent over her.是她躺在过道上,是那个陌生人俯视她。(此句有两个被强调部分:一是she,一是 the stranger)

  It is that intensity, along with the low cost and low risk, that causes the real

  danger of cyber lover.

  9. 强调结构中的时态一般应一致,即主句与从句中的时态应都用现在时,或都用将来时。

  例: It was my two sisters who knew her best.(都用过去时)

  It will not be you who will have to take the blame for this.(都用将来时)对此受谴责的将不是你。

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