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心理咨询师考试英语日常的虚拟语句

来源:在职研究生网(www.eduego.com)   中国在职研究生招生信息网   发布时间:2011-12-29

1. If only I
_______ to the lecture!


A. listen B. will
listen C. am listening D. had listened


2. Alice is ill
today. If she _______, she _______ absent from school.


A. were not ill,
would not be


B. had been ill,
would not have been


C. had been ill,
should have been


D. had not been
ill, could be


3. Without your
help, we _______ so much.


A. won’t achieve
B. didn’t achieve


C.don’t achieve D.
wouldn’t have achieved


4. We wish we
_______ what you did when we were at high school.


A. did B.could
have done C. have done D. should do


5. He asks that he
_______ an opportunity to explain why he’s refused to go there.


A. is given B.
must give C. should give D. be given


6. Peter insisted
that he _______ anything at all.


A. had not stolen
B. should not steal C. doesn’t steal D.steal


7. If you had
enough money, what _______?


A. will you buy B.
would you buy


C. would you have
bought D. will you have bought


8. Her tired face
suggested that she _______ really tired after the long walk.


 A. had been
B. was C. be D. should be


9. Father demanded
that we _______ home as soon as the school is over.


A. might return B.
must return C. should return D. ought to return


10. If I _______
where he lived, I _______ a note to him.


A. knew, will send


B. had known,
would have sent


C. know, would
send


D. knew, would
have sent


答案与解析:


1.D   在if only引导的句中常使用虚拟语气。这种虚拟结构与虚拟条件句里谓语形式相同。题意为:要是我听过那个讲座或好。


2.A  由句中的“Alice is ill today.”可知本小题的空白处应填入表示与现在情况相反的虚拟结构。题意为:玛丽今天生病了,如果她没生病的话,她不会缺课的。


3.D  “Without your help”实际上相当于一个虚拟条件句,在此句中表示与过去相反的虚拟条件句。Without your help= If you hadn’t helped us.题意为:如果没有你的帮忙的话,我们不会取得这么多的成就。


4.B  wish后面的宾语从句中谓语动词要使用虚拟语气。“…what you did when we were at high school.”暗示在本小题的空白处应填入表示与过去情况相反的虚拟结构。题意为:我们多么愿在中学读书时能够做过你曾做过的事情呀。


5.D   在ask(要求)后面的宾语从句中,谓语动词也常用虚拟语气形式:(should)+ 动词原形。题意为:他要求给他个机会来解释他拒绝到那里去的理由。


6.A   当动词insist 的意思是“坚持说”时,其后面的宾语从句中不使用虚拟语气结构。题意为:彼得坚持说他没偷过任何东西。


7.B  本句为对现在情况虚拟,主句为would, should(第一人称),could等加动词原形。


8.B suggest意为“建议”时,后面,的宾语从句要用should+动词原形,但在本题中suggest意为“说明”,“暗示”,其宾语从句的动词按正常情况处理,故不选C D; A项时态不符合题意。


9.C   在demand(要求)后面的宾语从句中,谓语动词也常使用虚拟语气形式:(should) +动词原形。题意为:父亲要求我们一放学就回家。


10.B  表示与过去情况相反的虚拟结构。题意为:如果我曾知道他住在哪里的话,我会给他寄封信的。

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