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1997年同等学力申硕英语全国统一考试真题(答案)

来源:在职研究生网(www.eduego.com)   中国在职研究生招生信息网   发布时间:2011-10-22

 

Paper one 试卷一
 

(1997.6 A卷)
 

Part I Listening Comprehension 略
 

Part II Vocabulary (10 minutes, 10 points)
Section A
Directions: In each item, choose one word that best keeps the meaning of the sentence if ii is substituted for the underlined word. Mark out your choice on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center .
 

16. The recent findings are also applicable to other areas of design engineering.
A) practical    B) relevant   C) convenient   D) comparable
 

17.The century-old hostilities between the two tribes eventually terminated through the persistent efforts of the local government.
A) diminished  B) shrunk   C) vanished    D) worsened
 

18. The leaders of the two countries are planning their summit meeting with a pledge to maintain and develop good ties.
A) strategy B) standpoint
C) priority D) promise
 

19. Computers will flourish because they enable us to accomplish tasks that could never before have been undertaken.
A) implement B) render
C) assign D) complete
 

20. Herman is success is due to his hard work and his ability to formulate plans which will get work done efficiently.
A) fulfill B) approve
C) conceive D) conduct
 

21. The farm ministers scheduled an emergency meeting in Luxembourg in hopes of easing the worldwide "mad cow" panic.
A) crisis B) alarm
C) hazard D) peril
 

22.The young man asked his parents not to worry because he was full of optimism about his career.
A) confidence B) motivation
C) imagination D) resolution
 

23. One is awareness, both conscious and unconscious, of what happened in the past has a strong influence on one is behavior.
A) storage B) impression
C) memory D) perception
 

24. On hearing of the case some time later, Conan Doyle was convinced that the man was not guilty, and immediately went to work to ascertain the truth.
A) explore B) obtain
C) verify D) search
 

25. Ail the staff members of the department made zealous efforts to clean up the hall for the Christmas party.
A) enthusiastic B) concerted
C) gigantic D) dedicated
 

Section B
 

Directions: in each question, decide which of the four choices given will most suitably complete the sentence if inserted at the place marked. Mark out your choice on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center .
 

26. I ________ a letter to an internet service that distributes journalists  questions to more than 750 institutions.
A) assigned B) detached
C) attached D) dispatched
 

27. All experts agree that the most important consideration with diet drugs is carefully________ the risks and benefits.
A) weighing B) valuing
C) evaluating D) distinguishing
 

28 More international trend for business and pleasure brings greater _______to other societies.
A) exchange B) exposure
C) expansion D) contribution
 

29. Shortage of land and funding are blamed for the city is_______ green space.
A) inefficient B) inaccurate
C) inadequate D) indispensable
 

30 If English is not our first language you can often be puzzled by ways of expression that the native speaker of English does not even have to_______.
A) think out B)think about
C) think over D) think for
 

31.Retail sales volume in local urban and rural areas rose 57,8 per cent and 46.8 per cent, _______, over February 1995.
A) individually B) accordingly
C) correspondingly D)respectively
 

32.This book is a _______ of radio scripts, in which we seek to explain how the words and expressions become part of our language.
A) collection B) publication
C) volume D)stack
 

33. A man is is best when he can forget himself and any reputation he may have required and can concentrate wholly on making the right decisions.
A) anticipation B)acknowledgment
C) expectation D)judgment
 

34.Does brain power _______ as we get older? Scientists now have some surprising answers.
A)decline B)descend
C)deduce D)collapse
 

35.The largest system serving e-mail messengers is the internet a _______ of millions of computers linked worldwide.
A)unity B)combination
C)network D)connection
 

Part III  Reading Comprehension
(50 minutes, 30 points)
Directions: There are 6 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D .you should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with single line through the center.
Questions 36to 40 are based on the following passage.
In the USA 85% of the population over the age of 21 approve of the death penalty, in the many states which can take up to 20 minutes to kill, while others use gas or lethal injection.
The first of these was the case of Ruth Ellis who was hanged for shooting her lover in what was generally regarded as a crime of passion. The second was hanged for murders which it was later proved, had been committed by someone else.
The pro-hanging lobby (赞成极刑的活动集团) uses four main arguments to support its call for the reintroduction of capital punishment. First there is the deterrence theory, which argues that potential murderers would think twice before committing the act if they knew that they might die if they were caught. The armed bank robber might, likewise go back to being unarmed.
The other two arguments are more suspect. The idea of retribution demands that criminals should get what they deserve: if a murderer intentionally. set out to commit a crime, he should accept the consequences. Retribution, which is just another word for revenge, is supported by the religious doctrine of an eye for an eye and a tooth for tooth.
The arguments against the death penalty are largely humanitarian (人道主义的) . But there are also statistical reasons for opposing it: the deterrence Figures do not add up. In Britain, 1903 was the record year for executions and yet in l904 the number of murders actually rose. There was a similar occurrence in 1946 and 1947. If the deterrence theory were correct, the rate should have fallen.
The other reasons to oppose the death penalty are largely a matter of individual conscience and belief. One is that murder is murder and that the state has no more right to take a life than the individual. The other is that Christianity advises forgiveness, not revenge.
 

36. The passage is mainly about _______.
A) the argument in favor of the death penalty
B) the argument against the death penalty
C) the argument about the reintroduction of the death penalty
D) the argument about the abolition of the death penalty
 

37. All of the following death penalty methods are mentioned in the passage EXCEPT_______.
A) the electric chair B)the lethal injection
C) the poisonous gas D)the shooting
 

38. According to the first four paragraphs, which of the following statements if NOT correct?
A) The death penalty may help the potential murderers to arouse moral awareness.
b) Ruth Ellis was shot by his lover, which was regarded as a crime of passion.
C) The intentional murderer should eat his own bitter fruit.
D) According to the religious doctrine, punishment should be as severe as the injury suffered.
 

39.In paragraph 3, "deterrence" means _______.
A) proclamation B) protest
C) protection D) prevention
 

40.We can learn from the last paragraph that _______.
A) neither the state nor the individual has the right to take a life
B) the state has the right to take a life but the individual does not
C) the death penalty has noting to do with individual consequence and belief
D) the deterrence figures have added up and the execution rate has fallen.
 

Questions 41to 45 are based on the following passage.
Do you forget to turn off the lights and heaters when you go out of a room? In 2040 it will not matter. They will turn themselves off and on again when you return. You will choose the temperatures for each room. The lighting and the humidity. A sensor will detect the presence of a human (and, with luck, ignore the dog!) and turn the systems on and when the humans leave it will turn them off again.
The sensors will work through the central home computer. and they will do much more than just turn the fires and lights on and off for you . They will detect faulty electrical appliances, plugs or switches. isolate them so that they cannot harm anyone, and then warn you they need repair. They will detect fire and if you are out of the house the computer will call the fire brigade. it will also call the police should the sensors detect an intruder This will not be too difficult because the locks on the outside doors will be electronic. You will open them using your personal card- the one you use for shopping-maybe using a number known only to you.
Ii will be impossible to lose the key and. a housebreaker will have to tamper(拨弄) with the lock or with a window. It is not very difficult to make such tampering send a signal to the computer.
The computer will be more than a fireman-policeman-servant. It will be an entertainer, and most of your entertainment will come right into your home. It does now, of course, but by 2040 "entertainment". will mean much more. For one thing, you will be able to take part actively rather than just watching. . .
 

41. The author intends to tell us that _______.
A) in 2040 we will live without the lights and heaters
B) in 2040 we will use much more lights and heaters
C) in 2040 there will be no switches of lights and heaters
D) in 2040 lights and heaters will be on and off automatically
 

42. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A) The sensor is multi-functional.
B) Which of a computer, the sensor can not do much.
C) The sensor will detect fire and make an emergency call.
D) You can be taken for an intruder it you tamper With the lock or with a window.
 

43. According to the author, in 2040, new technology _______.
A) will free us from the keys we use today
B) will turn everything into sensors
C) will make the locks out of date
D) will eliminate all crimes
 

44. Thanks to computers, in 2040 people _______.
A) will have no entertainment outside
B) will replace TV with computers
C) will be controlled by computers
D) will have more fun at home
 

45. The best title for the passage might be _______.
A) Sensors and Computers
B) Life at Home in the Year 2040
C) The Development of Science and Technology
D) Lights and Heaters in the Year 2040
 

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following Passage.
With the Switzerland-based Wrorl4 Wildlife Fund (WWF), China I Wildlife Fund (WWF), China is making a concerted and dedicated effort to save the end angered pandas. The results, officials here in Chengdu indicate, are mixed bur encouraging.
A clear disappointment is the failure to breed 1,andas in captivity, necessary if their decreasing numbers are to be replaced. Another failure has been the incapability to find a natural, readily available food to replace the arrow bamboo.
Despite these failures, success has come on two fronts. One achievement has been the physical rescue effort. Some pandas have been kept alive by, salting( 空投 ) the mountains with ions of cooked meat, which pandas well eat as a substitute for bamboo, and by the planting of new bamboo in isolated areas. Animals in some Sichuan areas have been rescued by local peasants and by even emergency treatment by animal doctors.
A second achievement is a massive fund-raising effort. Publicity about the panda is plight has resulted in a new $ 100000 emergency allocation by the WWF and independent fund drives both in China and abroad.
In spite of this support, there have been conflicts in the panda relief program. One important problem is the difficulty Peking is having balancing the recommendations of environmentalists with China is ambitious goal of agricultural and industrial modernization .
Wolong is but one example of this difficulty. This 494,000-aore preserve was declared a protected area in 1975. Yet 1800people ,mostly Tibetans, still live in the preserve, logging, trucks still roll down the narrow mountain roads , and blasting work still goes on at the site of a new 160000-kilowatt-hydroelectric plant Just six miles away.
The means that the pandas  fight for survival will not be an easy one, with the concerted effort of man. For in the end, even if they can survive the dangers of the wild, they must still contend with man him self.
 

46. Efforts to save the endangered pandas _______.
A) have failed completely
B) have proven highly successful
C) have met with setbacks but brought hope
D) have receive no response from the scientists
 

47. Which of the following threatens the pandas  survival in the Wolong preserve?
A) Local population . B) Economic development.
C) Unfavorable environment. D)All of the above.
 

48. All of the following help prevent the decline of the panda population EXCEPT _______.
A) the reproduction of panda offspring during captivity
B) the large-scale fund-raising drives
C) the rescue of the injured and the sick
D) the cultivation of new bamboo forests
 

49. If can be inferred from the passage that_______.
A) Switzerland is the only country that contributes in the panda relief program
B) the survival of pandas is an international concern
C) it is too late to rescue the endangered pandas.
D) the lovely pandas will soon die out
 

50. The tone of the author is conclusion concerning pandas  survival is_______.
A) worried B) optimistic
C) angry D) impersonal
 

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage.
Revenge is one of those things that everyone enjoys. People don not like to talk about it, though. Just the same, there is nothing more satisfying or more rewarding than revenge. The purpose is not to harm your victims but to let them know that you are upset about something that they are doing to you ,Careful plotting can provide you with relief form bothersome coworkers, gossiping friends or nagging family member
Coworkers who make comments about the fact that you are always fifteen minutes late for work can be taken care of very simply. All you have to do is get up extra one day. Before the sun comes up, drive to each coworker is house. Reach under the hood of your coworker is car and disconnect the center wire that leads to the distributor cap, the car will be unharmed, but it will not start, and your friends at work will all be late for work on the same day. If you are lucky, your boss might notice that you are the only one there and will give you a raise.
Gossiping friends at school are also perfect targets for a simple act of revenge. A way to trap either male or female friends is to leave phony messages on their lockers. If the friend that you want to get is male, leave a message that a certain girl would like him to stop by her house later that day. With any luck her boyfriend will be there. The girl won not know what is going on, and the victim will be so embarrassed that he probably won not leave his home for a month.
When Mom and Dad and your sisters and brothers really begin to annoy you, harmless revenge may be just the way it make them quiet down for a while. The dinner table is a likely place. Just before the meal begins, throw a handful of raisins into the food. Wait about five minutes and, after everyone has begun to eat, cover your mouth with your hand and begin it make odd noises. When they ask you what the matter is, point to a raisin and yell. "Bugs!" They will dump their food in the disposal, jump into the car, and head for McDonald is. Thai night you will have your first quiet, peaceful meal in a long time.
A well-planned revenge does not have it hurt anyone. The object is simply it let other people know that they are beginning to bother you.
 

51 . According to the passage a harmless revenge is _______.
A) to amuse the victim
B) to react to those who bother you
C) to prevent one from disturbing others
D) to hurt nobody emotionally
 

52. As a harmless revenge, you might come first and get a raise by _______.
A) making your colleagues come late
B) getting up earlier than your colleagues
C) destroying your colleagues  cars
D) pleasing your boss
 

53. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the second example?
A) The girl received a phony message.
B) The victim was invited by the girl.
C) The girl managed to revenge the victim harmlessly.
D) The girl wasn not expecting the victim.
 

54. The family members dumped their food in the disposal because _______.
A) they thought their food had been spoiled
B) they wanted to eat out
C) they wanted to have a peaceful meal
D) they didn not like the food with raisins
 

55. The main topic of the passage is how to _______.
A) avoid nagging family members
B) silence gossiping friends
C) make a harmless revenge
D) deal with bothersome coworkers
 

Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage.
Investment in the public sector, such as electricity, irrigation, public services and transport (excluding vehicles, ships and planes) increased by about 10% although the emphasis moved to the transport and away from the other sectors mentioned. Trade and services recorded a 16-17% investment growth, including a 30% increase in investment in business premises. Industrial investment is estimated to have risen by 8% . Although the share of agriculture in total gross investment in the economy continued to decline, investment grew by 9% in absolute terms, largely spurred on by a 23% expansion of investment in agricultural equipment. Housing construction had 12% more invested in it in 1964, not so mush owing, to increased demand, as to fears of new taxes and limitation of building.
Total consumption in real terms rose by close on 11% during 1064, and per capita personal consumption by under 7% as in 1963 . The undesirable trend towards a rapid rise in consumption, evident in previous years, remained unaltered. Since at current prices consumption rose by 16% and disposable income by 13% there was evidently a fall in the rate of saving in the private sector of the economy. Once again consumption patterns indicated a swift advance in the standard of living. Expenditure on food declined in significance, although consumption of fruit increased. Spending on furniture and household equipment, health education and recreation continued to increase. The greatest proof of altered living standards was the rapid expansion of expenditure on transport (including private cars) and personal services of all kinds, which occucred during 1964. The progressive wealth of large sectors of the public was demonstrated by the the changing composition of durable goods purchased. Saturation ( 饱和 ) point was rapidly, being approached for items such as the first household radio, gas cookers and electric refrigerators whereas increasing purchases of automobiles and television sets were registered .
 

56. From this passage we learn that the people _______.
A) spent more money than they earned
B) saved more money than previously
C) invested and consumed an accelerated pace
D) spent their money wisely
 

57 . The author thinks that the trend towards a rapid rise in consumption was "undesirable" because _______ .
A) expenditures on luxuries increased
B) people were wealthy
C) people consumed less
D) people saved less
 

58. Expenditure increased on all the following except _______.
A) food B) automobiles
C) education D) entertaiment
59. It can be inferred from the increase of fruit consumption that _______.
A) people had to spend more on transportation and furniture
B) the price of fruit dropped dramatically
C) people were more money conscious
60. The word "registered" in the last line most probably means _______.
A) marked B) approached
C) listed D) booked
Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage.
Anthropology is the study of human beings as creatures of society. It fastens its attention upon those physical characteristics and industrial techniques, those conventions and values, which distinguish one community from all others that belong to a different tradition.
The distinguishing mark of anthropology among the social sciences is that it includes for serious study other societies than our own. For its purposes any social regulation of mating and reproduction is as significant as our own though it may be that of the Sea Dyaks, and have no possible historical relation to that of our civilization. To the anthropologist our customs and those of a New Guinea tribe are two possible social schemes for dealing with a common problem, and in so far as he remains an anthropologist he is bound to avoid any weighting of one in favor of the other. He is interested in human behavior, not as it is shaped by one tradition, our own, but as it has been shaped by any tradition whatsoever. He is interested in a wide range of custom that is found in various cultures, and his object is to understand the way in which these cultures change and differentiate, the different forms through which they express themselves and the manner in which the customs of any peoples function in the lives of the individuals.
Now custom has not been commonly regarded as a su6Ject of any great moment. The inner workings of our own brains we feel to be uniquely worthy of investigation, but custom, we have a way of thinking, is behavior at its most commonplace. As a matter of fact, it is the other way round. Traditional custom is a mass of detailed behavior more astonishing than what any one person can ever evolve in individual actions. Yet that is a rather trivial aspect of the matter. The fact of first rate importance is the predominant role that custom plays in experience and belief, and the very great varieties it may manifest.
 

61. According to the passage, we can say that anthropology _______.
A) can reveal an enormous diversity of traditions.
B) can deal with human beings as one group of the creatures in the living world
C) can provide insights into the relationship between human beings and nature
D) can distinguish the human race from other creatures
 

62. For serious study, an anthropologist _______.
A) is obliged to work only on those societies which have no historical relationship to each other
B) must not study his own culture
C) is not supposed to have a prejudice against any society
D) should focus on those societies which are historically related to each other
 

63. Which of the following does the author most probably agree with .
A) The goal of the anthropologist is to understand the way in which people express themselves.
B) The anthropologist tries to understand why cultures are carried on without any change.
C) The anthropologist is professional interest is as wide as the variety of customs.
D) All of the above.
 

64. In the third paragraph, the author is trying _______.
A) to be critical of custom
B) to say that anthropology is more important than psychology
C) to strengthen the role custom plays in experience and belief
D) to draw our attention to the importance of custom
65. Which of the following is the best title for the passage.
A) The Science of Custom.
B) Creatures of Society.
C) Human Behavior.
l?) The Functions of Cultures.
 

Part IV Cloze Test
(15 minutes, 10 points)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A , B, C and D on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWRR SHEET with a single line through the center.
The horse and carriage is a thing of the past, but love and marriage are still with us and still closely interrelated. Most American marriages, particularly first marriages__66__ young couples, are the result of__67__attraction and affection__68__ than practical considerations
66. A) involving B) linking C) connecting D) correlating
67. A) personal B) emotional C) mutual D) magnetic
68. A) more B) less C) other D) rather
In the United States parents do not arrange marriages for their children. Teenagers begin__69__ in high school and usually find mates through their own academic and social__70__.
69. A) dating B) appointment C) engagement D) matching
70. A) position B) association C) contract D) contacts
Though young people feel__71__to choose their friends from__72__groups, most choose a mate of similar background
71. A) certain B) embarrassed C) hesitated D) free
72. A) similar B) identical C) diverse D) differential
This is__73__in part to parental guidance. Parents cannot select spouses for their children, but they can usually__74__choices by__75__disapproval of someone they consider unsuitable.
73. A) for B) likely C) due D) because
74. A) give B) influence C) make D) offer
__76__, marriages between members of different groups (interclass, in terfaith , and interracial marriages) are increasing, probably because of the greater __77__of today is youth and the face that they are restricted by__78__ prejudices than their parents. Many young people leave their home towns to attend college,__ 79__in the armed forces,__80__pursue a career in a bigger city. Once away from home and family, they are more__81__to date and marry outside their own social group.
76. A) However B) Moreover C) Therefore D) Furthermore
77. A) mobility B) motive C) moral D) mission
78. A) less B) rather C) many D) fewer
79. A) work B) serve C) stay D) remain
80. A) but B) otherwise C) or D) likewise
81. A) probable B) likely C) reluctant D) readily
In mobile American society, interclass marriages are neither__ 82__nor shocking. Interfaith marriages are__83__be the rise particularly between Protestants and Catholics. On the other hand, interracial marriage is still very uncommon. It can be difficult for interracial couples to find a place to live, maintain friendships, and__84__a family. Marriages between people of different national__85__(but the same race and religion) have been commonplace here since colonial times.
82. A) scarce B) rare C) scared D) relieved
83. A) in B) at C) on D) for
84. A) raise B) obtain C) grow D) unite
85. A) source B) origin C) resource D) base
Paper Two 试卷二
(A卷)
Part 1 Error Detection and Correction
(10 minutes, 10 points)
Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined ports.
These ports are labeled A, B, C and D . Identify the port of the sentence that is incorrect and mark out pour choice on the ANSWER SHEET . Then, without altering the meaning of the sentence, write down your correction on the line on the ANSWER SHEET .
1. He said (that) the passenger (must have had) an accident; otherwise he (would arrive) A B C
(by) that time.
D
2. After (teaching) in Xiamen University is MBA center for over five years, (I come)
A B
to realize that (even if) political and economic barriers(are overcome), a major hurdle
C D
remains-culture!
3. Not only in obvious situations (such as) wars and revolutions (enemies re)necessary
A B
and very useful as a way (to focus) the attention and energy of our friends and
C
followers, but in our everyday activities (as well).
D
4. Many young consumers (do not have) steady incomes, (so) they might have difficulty
A B
(to borrow) money from an agency in business (to make loans).
C D
5. I(often wonder)(what)my life would be like if I (didn not go to) the beach that
A B C
afternoon (when I was 14).
D
6. The replacement of shops (such as) the grocer is and chemist is (by) cafes (have
A B C
Left) the housewives with insufficient facilities (for shopping).
D
7. The (police) finally (caught up with) the man (whom) they thought was the (escaped)
A B C D
prisoner.
8. Religious ceremonies (were performed) to mark important (stages of life) [births,
A B
marriages, deaths] and (to ask) the spirits for help (or thanking) them.
C D
9. To the finalists, (Peter and I), The last (high jump) was (the most exciting) (as
A B C
well as) the most difficult.
D
10. The (emergence) of electronic (funds-transfer) technology (makes possible) to
A B C
change the nature of money and to divorce it (from) evil.
D
 

Part II Translation
(15 minutes, 10 points)
Directions: Translate the following paragraph into English. Write your transiation on the ANSWER SHEET.
亚裔美国人对美国作出了杰出的贡献,这些贡献包括诸如自然科学、医学、法律、文学、艺术等各个领域,由于亚裔移民的祖籍国家具有丰富多样的传统,他们大大促进了美国文化的发展,提高了全美国人民的生活水平。
 

Part III Guided Writing
35 minutes, 15Pmts)
Dr1rections:For this pert you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition of no less than 100 words under the title of the problems I Have in my English Study.
You composition should be based on the following outline given in Chinese.
1. 遇到了哪些困难
2.产生这些困难的原因

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