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1995年同等学力申硕英语全国统一考试真题

1995年试题
 

Paper One 试卷一
 

(1995.6 A 卷)
 

Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes, 15 points) 略
Part II Vocabulary (10 minutes, 10 points)
Directions: In each question, decide which of the four choices given will most suitably complete the sentence if inserted at the place marked. Mark out your choice on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
 

16. He was ________enough to understand my questions from the gestures I made.
A. intelligent B. efficient C. proficient D. diligent
 

17. Does it _______to let little children play with fire works?
A. make clear B. make sure C. make out D. make sense
 

18. All parts of this sewing machine are _______so that it is very simple to get replacements for them.
A. mechanized B. minimized C. modernized D. standardized
 

19. Have you a funny _______or unusual experience that you would like to share?
A. amusement B. incident C. accident D. section
 

20. As a salesman, he works on a(n) _______ basis, taking 10% of everything he sells.
A. income B. commission C. salary D. pension
 

21. Cut off by the storm, they were forced to ________food for several days.
A. go in for B. go over C. go without D. go out
 

22. China Daily never loses sight of the fact that each day all of us _______a tough, challenging world.
A. encounter B. acquaint C. preside D. confront
 

23. While shopping in a department store, I _______left my purse lying on a counter of handbags.
A. initially B. fortunately C. frustratedly D. accidentally
 

24. He pointed out that the living standard of urban and ______people continued to improve.
A. remote B. municipal C. rural D. provincial
 

25. Why does a vegetarian restaurant make its dishes resemble meat in every way except _________?
A. ingredients B. elements C. components D. compounds
 

26. ________the impact of the ideas introduced to Europe by soldiers returning from the east, the West was greatly changed.
A. Because of B. By means of C. In addition to D. In spite of
 

27. For the past two years, Audi cars have _________Germany’s Touring Car Championship.
A. dominated B. conquered C. determined D. contested
 

28. If you push hard on the world, the world will push back on you; if you touch the world gently, the world will touch you gently ________.
 

29. Rejecting the urging of his physician father to study medicine, Hawking chose to _______on math and theoretical physics.
A. impose B. center C. overwork D. concentrate
 

30. The concerns with the origins of the earth ________their study.
A. motivated B. advised C. excited D. impulsed
 

31. The cashier was asked to ________every penny of the money that he took care of.
A. account to B. use up C. amount to D. account for
 

32. By the end of 1994, 558 kinds of products had been ________green food.
A. named B. restricted C. classified D. labeled
 

33. At a press conference after the award ceremony, the 18-year-old girl spoke in a barely _______voice.
A. audible B. optional C. legible D. identical
 

34. A neat letter improves your chances of a favorable __________.
A. circumstance B. request C. reception D. response
 

35. Our readers are comfortable with our clear, ______words that inform and entertain them.
A. conventional B. concise C. creative D. crucial

Part III Reading Comprehension (50 minutes, 30 points)
Directions: There are six passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
Passage One
“High tech” and “state of the art” are two expressions that describe very modern technology. High tech is just a shorter way of saying high technology. And high technology describes any invention, system of device that uses the newest ideas or discoveries of science and engineering.
What is high tech? a computer is high tech. so is a communications satellite. A modern manufacturing system is surely high tech.
High tech became a popular expression in the United States during the early 1980s. Because of improvements in technology, people could buy many new kinds products in American stores, such as home computers, microwave ovens, etc.
“State of the art” is something that is as modern as possible. It is a product that is based on the very latest methods and technology. Something that is “state of the art” is the newest possible design or product of a business or industry. A state of the art television set. For example, uses the most modern electronic design and parts. It is the best that one can buy.
“State of the art” is not a new expression. Engineers have used it for years, to describe the best and most modern way of doing something.
Millions of Americans began to use the expression in the late 1970s. The reason was the computer revolution. Every computer company claimed that its computers were “state of the art”.
Computer technology changed so fast that a state of the art computer today might be old tomorrow. The expression “state of the art” became as common and popular as computers themselves. Now all kinds of products are said to be “state of the art”.
 

36. What is the purpose of the passage?
A. To tell how “high tech” and “state of the art” have developed.
B. To give examples of high tech.
C. To tell what “high tech” and “state of the art” are.
D. To describe very modern technology.
 

37. What can we infer from the passage?
A. American stores could provide new kinds of products to the people.
B. High tech describes a technology that is not traditional.
C. “State of the art” is not as popular as “high tech”.
D. A wooden plough pulled by oxen is “state of the art”.
 

38. All the following examples are high tech EXCEPT _________.
A. a microwave oven B. a home computer
C. a hand pump D. a satellite
 

39. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. Since the computer revolution, the expression “state of the art” has become popular.
B. “state of the art” means something that is the best one can buy.
C. With the rapid development of computer technology, a state of the art computer may easily become out of date.
D. All kinks of products are “state of the art” nowadays.
 

40. The best title of the passage is _________.
A. Computer Technology
B. High Tech and State of the Art
C. Most Advanced Technology
D. Two New Expressions

Passage Two
In the Arctic Circle, it is not that Eskimos lack ability or industry, but the surroundings restrict constructive effort to the barest necessities of existence. This retards progress to higher development.
Agriculture is impossible all along the thousands of miles of the north shore. The only wood is such as drifts in. other than this driftwood, the only available building materials are snow, ice, stone, and bones of animals. All of these have been used for habitations and storage, places, differing in various tribes according to the requirements and skill of the workers.
The lack of necessary timbers to build walls and span wide spaces is probably one reason why they construct their houses at least partly beneath the surface of the ground. This device also makers the houses more impervious (不能渗透的) to the cold.
Most of us are inclined to think that the Eskimo lives always in an igloo or snow house. This is not entirely true. After the long cold winter, the family is very likely to move, when the weather permits, into a tent of sealskin. The actual construction of such a tent is similar to that used by other, more southerly tribes and will be described later.
The snow house, however, is an interesting and unique habitation. Our summer campers will not build, with snow, but the delicate art is worth recording and some of our winter camps mountains might try to make snow houses.
 

41. Eskimos’ efforts to build houses ___________.
A. result in various building
B. are limited by a hostile environment
C. are restricted by their ability
D. retard progress to higher development
 

42. Which of the following about the construction of houses is true?
A. Building materials differ from tribe to tribe.
B. Building materials are the same for all the houses.
C. Building materials are selected according to weather.
D. Building materials are decided by skilled workers.
 

43. Why do Eskimos build their houses partly under the ground?
A. They like to live under the ground.
B. They are short of essential materials for walls and roofs.
C. They want their houses less affected by the cold.
D. Both B and C.
 

44. In the long winter Eskimos commonly live in _________.
A. a snow house B. a stone house C. a storage place D. a tent of sealskin
 

45. What does the author think of snow houses?
A. Interesting B. Artistic C. Unique D. All of the above

Passage Three
If Europeans thought a drought was something that happened only in Africa, they know better now. After four years of below-normal rainfall (in some cases only 10 percent of the annual average), vast areas of France, Spain, Portugal, Belgium and Ireland are dry and barren. Water is so low in the canals of northern France that waterway traffic is forbidden except on weekends. Oyster growers in Brittany report a 30 percent drop in production because of the loss of fresh water in local rivers necessary for oyster breeding. In southeastern England, the rolling green hills of Kent have turned so brown that officials have been weighing plans to pipe in water from Wales. In Purtugal, farmers in southern Alentejo region have held prayer meetings for rain-so far, in vain.
Governments in drought-plagued countries are taking drastic measures. Authorities in hard-hit areas of France have banned washing cars and watering lawns. In Britain, water will soon be metered like gas and electricity. “The English have always taken water for granted”, says Graham Warren, a spokesman of Britain’s National Rivers Authority. “Now they’re putting a price on it.” Even a sudden end to the drought would not end the misery in some areas. It will take several years of unusually heavy winter rain, the experts say, just to bring existing water reserves up to their normal levels.
 

46. What does the author mean by saying “they know better now”?
A. They know more about the causes.
B. They have a better understanding of the drought in Africa.
C. They have realized that the drought in Europe is the most serious one.
D. They have realized that droughts hit not only Africa but also Europe.
 

47. The drought in Europe has brought about all the following problems EXCEPT ___.
A. below-normal rainfall
B. difficult navigation
C. a sharp drop in oyster harvest
D. bone-dry hills
 

48. The British government intends to _________.
A. forbid the car-washing service
B. increase the price of the water used
C. end the misery caused by the drought
D. pipe in water
 

49. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
A. Germany is the only country free from the drought.
B. Water reserves are at their lowest level in years due to the drought.
C. The drought is more serious in Britain than in Franc.
D. Europe will not have heavy rain until several years later.
 

50. Which of the following is the most appropriate title for the passage?
A. Europe in Misery
B. Drought Attacks Europe
C. Be Economical with Water
D. Europe, a Would-be Africa
 

Passage Four
In some ways the employment interview is like a persuasive speech because the applicant (interviewee) seeks to persuade the employer (interviewer) to employ him or her.
A job applicant has the responsibility for ascertaining certain types of information prior to the interview. First, the applicant knows what kind of job he wants and how that job relates to his career objective. It is important that the applicant be able state his reasons fro wishing to work for a particular company. Second, the applicant should seek as much information as possible concerning the company. Relevant information fro the applicant to locate includes such items as the location of the home and regional offices, the financial status of the company, plans fro expansion, and company philosophy, information about most major corporations available in reference books and periodicals.
After gathering information concerning the company, the applicant is ready for the interview. The interviewer’s first impression comes form the interviewee’s appearance. For most interviews, appropriate dress for man is a conservative (保守的) dark colored suit with a long sleeve white or light blue shirt. For women a conservative, tailored suit or dress is appropriate. Both men and women should have neat, conservative length of hair.
Although hairstyle and dress are matters of personal taste, many personnel directors form initial impressions from these characteristics. For example, one recent college graduate, who felt himself qualified, interviewed for a public relations job. However, the personnel manager considered this young man’s long hair, sloppy dress, and overly casual manner unsuited for this particular position.
 

51. For whom is the passage most likely written?
A. An employee B. An employer C. An interviewee D. An interviewer
 

52. As the author suggests, what the applicant should know before the interview is _____.
A. the type of work and his career expectation
B. his career objective a particular company will decide
C. the reasons a particular company has to employ him
D. All of the above.
 

53. Before the interview, the applicant should obtain some information about ____.
A. most major corporations
B. the company he wants to work for
C. reference books and periodicals
D. business and philosophy
 

54. What the applicant wears, as the author suggest, can make him look _______.
A. personal B. persuasive C. informative D. conservative
 

55. What is the author trying to tell us through the example in the last paragraph?
A. The importance of personal taste
B. The importance of public relations
C. The importance of self-confidence
D. The importance of first impression

Passage Five
IN THE BEDROOM
Don’t smoke in bed—it causes 1,000 fires a year, many with fatal results.
Don’t overload your electrical points: the ideal is “One appliance, one socket”.
Don’t use an electric under-blanket over you or an over-blanket under you. And under-blanket unless of the low-voltage type, MUST be switched off before you get into bed.
Never let furniture or clothing get close to a lighted fire. Make sure that there is a suitable guard for the room heater.
Keep aerosol-type containers (喷雾器) away from heat and NEVER burn or puncture (刺) them.
Don’t dim a table by covering it: buy a low-wattage bulb.
Pajamas and nightdresses, especially for children and elderly people, should be made from flame-resistant material.

IF CUT OFF BY FIRE
Close the door of the room and any fanlight or other opening and block up any cracks with bedding, etc.
Go to the window and try to attract attention.
If the room fills with smoke, lean out of the window unless prevented by smoke and flame coming from a room below or nearby. If you cannot lean out of the window, lie close to the floor where the air is clearer until you hear the fire brigade.
If you have to escape before the fire brigade arrives, make a rope by knotting together sheets or similar materials and tie it to a bed or another heavy piece of furniture.
If you cannot make a rope and situation becomes intolerable. Drop cushions or bedding from the window to break your fall, get through the window feet first, lower yourself to the full extent of your arms and drop.
If possible drop from a position above soft earth. If above the first floor, drop only as a last restort.
 

56. According to the instructions, fires in the bedroom can be caused by _______.
A. one appliance, one socket
B. smoking in bed
C. under-blankets of the low-voltage type
D. all of the above-mentioned points
 

57. In the bedroom, you are told _________.
A. not to use an electric under-blanket or an electric over-blanket
B. to use an under-blanket of the low-voltage type
C. to switch off an under-blanket of the low-voltage type
D. not to use an electric under-blanket over you.
 

58. You should keep furniture or clothes away from a lighted fire because _______.
A. the fire is too low.
B. furniture or clothes block light
C. there is no guard in the room
D. furniture or clothes catch fire easily
 

59. If you are cut off by fire, you should first ____________.
A. try to stop smoke from coming into the room
B. lie down and wait for the fire brigade
C. escape by jumping immediately out of the window
D. close the window and call for help
 

60. You can escape a fire by _________.
A. tying a rope to sheets and throwing it out of the window
B. tying a sheet to a heavy piece of furniture and throwing it out of the window
C. tying a rope to a bed and throwing it out of the window
D. dropping with cushions and bedding from the window

Passage Six
A person may have an idea about himself that will prevent him from doing good work. He may have the idea that he is not capable of it. A child may think he is stupid because he does not understand how to make the most of his mental faculties, or he may accept another person’s mistake estimate of his ability. Older people may be handicapped by the mistaken belief that they are incapable of learning anything new because of their age.
A person who believes that he is incapable will not make a real effort, because he feels that it would be useless. He won’t go at a job with the confidence necessary for success. He is therefore likely to fail, and the failure will strengthen his belief in his incompetence.
Alfred Adler, a famous doctor, had and experience which illustrates this. When he was a small boy he got off to a poor start in arithmetic. His teacher got the idea that he had no ability in arithmetic and told his parents what she thought in order that they would not expect too much of him. In this way, they too developed the idea, “Isn’t it too bad that Alfred can’t do arithmetic?” He accepted their mistaken estimate of his ability, felt that it was useless to try, and was very poor at arithmetic, just as they expected.
One day Adler succeeded in solving a problem which none of the other students had been able to solve. This gave him confidence. He rejected the idea that he couldn’t do arithmetic and was determined to show them that he could. His new found confidence stimulated him to go at arithmetic problems with a new spirit. He now worked with interest, determination, and purpose, and he soon became extraordinarily good at arithmetic.
This experience made him realize that many people have more ability than they think they have, and that lack of success is an often the result of lack of knowledge of how to apply one’s ability, lack of confidence, and lack of determination as it the result of lack ability.
 

61. According to the passage, which statement is NOT true?
A. A child may accept another person’s underestimate of his ability.
B. He may think that he is too young to make the most of his mental faculties.
C. A person may have the idea that he is incapable of doing good work.
D. Some old people don’t believe that they are capable of learning anything new.
 

62. A person who believes in his incompetence will ________.
A. make no real efforts
B. fail to go at a job
C. show a complete lack of confidence
D. all of the above
 

63. As a boy, Alfred Adler was poor at arithmetic because __________.
A he lost his self-confidence
B. he was mentally retarded
C. his teacher had no confidence in herself
D. his parents expected too much of him
 

64. Which of the following is the most important factor to Adler’s success?
A. Spirit and experience
B. Interest
C. Confidence and determination
D. Purpose and knowledge
 

65. Adler’s experience made him realize that ________.
A. people are not as capable as they think
B. people can be more capable than they think
C. lack of knowledge leads to failure
D. lack of ability results in lack of determination

Part IV Cloze Test (15 minutes, 10 points)
Directions: There are twenty blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
We know the kiss as a form of expressing affection. But long before it became 66 , it was the custom in many parts of the world to use the kiss as a(n) 67 of respect.
In many African tribes the natives 68 the ground over which a chief has walked. Kissing the had and foot has been a mark of respect form the 69 times.
The early Romans kissed the mouth or eyes 70 a form of dignified greeting. One Roman emperor allowed his important nobles to kiss his lips, but the 71 important ones had to kiss his hands, and the 72 important ones were 73 allowed to kiss his feet!
It is quite probable that the kiss as a form of affection can be traced back to primitive times when a mother 74 fondle (爱抚) her child, just as a mother 75 today. It only remained for society to 76 this as a custom for expressing affection between adults.
We have evidence that this was already the 77 by the time of the sixth century, but we can only assume it was 78 long before that. The first 79 where the kiss became accepted in courtship and love was in France. When dancing became popular, almost every dance figure ended 80 a kiss.
From France the kiss spread rapidly all over Europe. Russia, which loved to 81 the customs of France, adopted the kiss and it spread there through all the upper 82 . a kiss from the Tsar became 83 of the highest forms of recognition from the Crown.
In time, the kiss became a part of courtship. 84 marriage customs developed, the kiss became a part of the wedding ceremony. Today, of course, we regard the kiss as an expression of love and tenderness. But there are still many places in the world where the kiss is 85 of formal ceremonies and is intended to convey respect.
66. A. it B. one C. this D. itself
67. A. custom B. tradition C. affection D. expression
68. A. watch B. kiss C. touch D. greet
69. A. latest B. earliest C. longest D. eldest
70. A. of B. in C. for D. as
71. A. of B. less C. most D. least
72. A. last B. less C. most D. least
73. A. too B. only C. also D. ever
74. A. could B. would C. should D. will
75. A. does B. has C. doing D. would
76. A. accept B. allow C. kiss D. express
77. A. history B. event C. case D. evidence
78. A. expressed B. discovered C. kissed D. practiced
79. A. city B. tribe C. country D. society
80. A. by B. without C. in D. with
81. A. copy B. allow C. spread D. quote
82. A. governments B. countries C. cities D. classes
83. A. it B. one C. this D. that
84. A. As B. Once C. While D. Since
85. A. bit B. some C. part D. any

Paper Two 试卷二
Part I Error Detection and Correction (10 minutes, 10 points)
Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts. These parts are marked A, B, C and D. Identify the part of the sentence that is incorrect. Then, write down the corresponding letter and, without altering the meaning of the sentence, put the correction on the ANSWER SHEET.
To the best of my knowledge, the climate in Arizona is better year-round than
A B C
any other state.
D
So great was the influence of Thomas Paine on his own time that John Adams
A B C
suggested that the era was called “The Age of Paine”.
D
At school he found that he hated eating in the dining-room, studied for this
A B C D
chemistry class, and doing his laundry.
In spite of the ever-increasing exploitation of natural resources, that has now
A B
reached dangerous proportion, little has been done on a world-wide scale to slow
C D
down or stop this process.
On each side of the highway was hundreds of billboards advertising everything
A B C
from modern motels to roadside stands that sell fresh fruit and bedspreads.
D
Clearly, Japan is still not every well understood in the west; what Westerners
A
do know seems to be either extremely negative nor extremely positive.
B C D
Annoying at the long check-out lines, the shopper began to sigh loudly, tap his
A B
foot, and glance at his watch.
C D
If you want a real effective stereo that plays music clearly, you’d better buy a
A B C D
graphic equalizer.
The new tenant in the apartment was obviously both suspicious and interested in
A B C D
his neighbors.
You will almost always find Caroline playing a video game because she enjoys
A B C
to be challenged.
D
Part II Translation
Directions: Translate the following passage into English. Write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET.
当前最重要的任务是发展国民经济、提高人民生活水平。为了实现这一目标,我们必须改革旧的经济体制,以便进一步解放生产力。我们应当向世界敞开大门,以便学习其他国家先进的科学和技术。只要我们坚持改革开放政策,就一定能把我国建设成强大的社会主义国家。

Part III Writing
Directions: In this part, you are to write within 30 minutes a composition with On Automobiles as its title. Your composition should contain the three key points given below with a length of 100 words or so. Please remember to write clearly.
Key points:
The benefits the car has brought us
The problems it has caused
Possible solutions

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